The Bill of Rights
Last modified: April 4, 2017
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The Bill of Rights is the name that is usually given to the first ten amendments of the Constitution of the United States. These amendments deal with the protection of individual right guarantees that were not a part of the original Constitution that was proposed in 1787. The Bill of Rights, as we call it today, took shape at the hands of James Madison and were adopted by the House of Representatives in August 1789 and by the Congress in September of the same year.
Originally twelve amendments were proposed by Madison, but only ten were ratified.
The First Amendment deals with the rights of the American people regarding the freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly and petition. This amendment prohibits the Congress form making any law that would interfere or curtail these freedoms.
The Second Amendment ensures the right of the people to own and carry weapons to help in protecting the country.
The Third Amendment proscribes the use of private residences to quarter the armed forces during peace time without the consent of the owners.
The Fourth Amendment guarantees the right of security of their persons, property, papers and such effects from being seized without a proper warrant that specifies and describes the persons or things to be seized.
The Fifth Amendment prohibits any person from being subjected to a capital or other major crime trial unless on the indictment of a Grand Jury, and also forbids anyone from being tried again for the same crime (Double Jeopardy), or being subjected to punishment without the due process of law, or from being a witness against himself. This amendment also stipulates that the government must provide a just compensation for any private property that it takes over for public use.
The Sixth Amendment deals with the rights of the person who is accused of a crime to have a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury and this trial must take place in the within the jurisdiction of the State and district where the crime was committed. Moreover, the accused should also be previously informed about the nature of the crime, allowed to employ his own legal counsel and have access to the witnesses testifying against him in the trial. This amendment has been the basis of some sensational trials that resulted in the law officers and other prosecutors in using their authority in a more fair and uniform to all accused individuals without any discrimination.
The Seventh Amendment ensures that all civil cases would also have a trial by jury.
The Eighth Amendment forbids the collection of excessive fines or bail amounts and also proscribes cruel and unusual punishments.
The Ninth Amendment that these rights contained in the Bill of rights and the Constitution are mot all-inclusive and other rights not specified in these would also be protected.
The Tenth Amendment declares that any powers that are not delegated to the United States by the Constitution are reserved for the States or to the people.
As the last two amendments are not directly involved with the guaranteeing of individual rights, some consider only the first eight as the actual Bill of Rights. Topics such as the United States Bill of Rights are frequently set for writing an essay. If you have a similar assignment and find yourself situation in a difficult situation, consider that your problems, in getting cheap essays on legal issues that are also standard in quality, are over when you access our essay writing service and place your order for an essay online. Custom essays can be written within your time requirements by our custom writing service.
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