How to Write a Research Proposal
Writing a research paper is a mandatory requirement for all graduate and masters students. Before beginning the actual research paper, a research proposal has to be submitted to the thesis committee for their approval of the project. So, let us begin by first finding out how to write a good research proposal.
A point to be remembered here is that a good, standard proposal gives the committee an impression of your competence and potential researching abilities and convinces them that the research project you plan to carry out is meaningful and useful.
Whichever subject or methodology you choose for research, the proposal should clearly state three things: what you plan to achieve with your research, why you intend to do it and how you are planning to carry it out.
Research proposals usually consist of the following sections:
Abstract: a very short summary of the main research problem and methodology to be used and what results are expected and the requirements for the research. It is usually less than 200 words long.
Introduction that has the following subsections: a ) Background: The context of the research question and its setting b) Problem identification: The research question and why it was selected c) Problem definition: explanation of the problem question d) Problem justification: how this research will advance knowledge and understanding in the area of research e) Goals and objectives: the potential impact that expected to be achieved by the research and designates the who, what, why, whom, when, where of the research f) Research questions and Hypothesis (theory) g) Assumptions h) Limitations of the research and i) Definition of terms
Literature Review: An analysis of the extant literature on the subject, which would lead to a new theoretical insight into the ramifications of the problem, a synthesis and integration of the work already conducted in the field and the knowledge that could be gained from them. It would also serve to show the committee the knowledge awareness level of the researcher in the subject and his analytical abilities in evaluating literature.
Methodology: can be of the qualitative or the quantitative type. The main subsections in this are: a) Design -The overall method of carrying out the research and the requirements b) Participants – the subjects or samples used in the study and the method used for selecting them c) Instruments or tools – the type of measuring instruments used, the reasons for selecting these instruments d) Procedure – the method of carrying out the research, in detail and the type of analysis and interpretation to be used for evaluating the results
Work schedule: includes the time schedules for carrying out the different modules of the research with the dates mentioned clearly
Bibliography: the references used for writing the proposal with all details included and written according to the reference style required by the university
The outline of the research proposal is a model for the actual research paper outline too. Some sections are same and some are different. More help on research paper topics is available on our website. Our academic writing help will also be able to guide you to write your research paper or you can order a research paper online.
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