Last modified: March 18, 2017
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Hepatitis B is one of the types of hepatitis or liver disease. It is caused by the Hepatitis B Virus (HBV). This virus can lead to a fast and lethal liver inflammation, although it is very rare. In most people, the hepatitis B infection does not exhibit noticeable symptoms. But a slow and progressive liver damage may be happening inside the body. The damages in the liver could be inflammation, liver scarring or fibrosis, severe liver damage or cirrhosis, and even liver cancer or hepatocellular carcinoma.
The CDC estimates show that 10 to 30 million people worldwide each year are infected by HBV. And more than 400 million people go on to contract chronic hepatitis B infections. Some regions in Asia, Africa and South America have high rates of hepatitis B infections. Most new infections in these areas are seen in new-born babies. Hepatitis B is the primary cause of liver cancer. It is the tenth foremost cause of death in the world. However, most people with chronic hepatitis B can expect to live a long and healthy life with proper treatment.
The HBV spreads by contact with an infected person’s body fluids like blood, semen or other body fluids. Babies contract the disease form their mothers during the birth process.
Hepatitis B is often called a “silent infection”. This is because HBV symptoms may be similar to symptoms of flu like fever. Also, fatigue, muscle and joint pain, nausea and vomiting, or you may have no symptoms at all. But in rare cases, there is severe nausea and vomiting leading to dehydration. Sometimes jaundice that is apparent in the yellowing of the skin and eyes and dark urine. Or sometimes, a bloated or swollen abdomen or stomach. An acute HBV infections can be cured in most patients. But the infection persists in others, leading to a chronic condition. A blood test is the best diagnostic tool to discover the presence of the HBV infection in a person. Chronic HBV can develop into scarring of the liver, liver failure or liver cancer.
In the U.S., pregnant women are routinely screened for HBV and if the an infection is found. Preventive measures can avoid the infection from being passed on to the baby. This screening and vaccination of all children and people who could be exposed to the infection, has a significant impact on the number of HBV infections. The medication called as Tenofir (Viread) is the most recently FDA approved oral medication in the form of a pill. It is the most effective drug to treat hepatitis B because the virus rarely develops resistance to the drug. Also, the patient taking it has hardly any side effects.
It is not an easy life for a patient suffering from HBV infection. And many students also do not find it easy when it comes to assignment writing. However, you can now sail through your course with the help of our custom essays. These are written especially for you by our essay writing service. Writing an essay is now very easy when you get the help of our academic writing help to prepare your own custom papers. You can also check our research paper writing service at https://customessaysservice.com/research-paper-writing-service/
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